One of the key strategies in formative assessment is sharing learning expectations and success criteria. If we are to have engaged students it is critical that they know what is being learned and why it is important. It is also important to share the criteria for success with students so they know what it looks like when they have met the expectations. Learning expectations may be posted in your classroom, but more importantly they should be referred to throughout the lesson. Learning expectations are what the students are expected to learn NOT the tasks or activities they will participate in during the lesson.
Something to consider:
Do you have clear learning expectations for every lesson? How do you know if students learned what you expected them to learn? (comment below to share your ideas with others)