Peer assessment is actually just one of the four clusters of the Keeping Learning on Track Activating Peers pyramid. This pyramid refers to ways that students can act as instructional resources for each other. The four clusters are outlined in a bit more detail below.
- Students use each other to work our their ideas or questions
- No expertise is required of the peer resource
- There is no expectation of student understanding or proficiency
- Students work cooperatively to develop the best product
- Does not assume that any one student has a better understanding or higher proficiency than another
- Does assume students can work together to identify quality work
- All students participate and provide a portion of the ideas, questions, and/or final product
- Students provide feedback on each other’s work
- All students have some level of understanding of content or proficiency with the skill
- Students use shared criteria for success to assess and provide feedback to move their peers’ learning forward
- Peers must have adequate understanding of the learning expectations and success criteria.
- Students must be given time to use the feedback to improve their learning and/or the quality of their work
- One student acts as teacher for another
- Assumes that at least one student has a greater level of understanding of some specific content or greater proficiency with a skill, than at least one other student does
These clusters are not exclusive; one technique can be listed under multiple clusters. The most important idea is to consider how the technique you are using is impacting learning and teaching.
How do your students act as instructional resources for each other? Share your ideas by posting comments!